Country Profile - Burundi
Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a small country in Central-East Africa, landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge. Burundi is bordered by Tanzania, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Lake Tanganyika.
Language: Kirundi only 29.7% (official); French only 0.3% (official); Swahili only 0.2%; English only 0.1% (official); Kirundi and French 8.4%; Kirundi, French, and English 2.4%, other language combinations 2%, unspecified 56.9% (2008 est.)
Religion: Roman Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9% (includes Adventist 2.3% and other Protestant 21.6%), Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9% (2008 est.)
Although the Burundi constitution guarantees religious freedom, several churches have been banned.
Currency: Burundi Franc.
Cryptocurrency: Burundi has banned all trading of cryptocurrencies on its soil, saying it couldn’t offer digital money users protection in case of problems.
GMT: (+) 2
Burundi gained its independence from Belgium in 1962 as the Kingdom of Burundi, but the monarchy was overthrown in 1966 and a republic established.
Burundi has a long history of political violence, Burundi’s first democratically elected president, a Hutu, was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office. Burundi is now one of the world’s poorest nations and is struggling to emerge from a 12-year, ethnic-based civil war.
The vast majority of Burundi’s population is Hutu, traditionally a farming people. Power, however, has long rested with the Tutsi minority, which historically has controlled the army and most of the economy, particularly the lucrative international export of coffee.