Country Profile - Afghanistan



Afghanistan is a landlocked country in the heart of Asia, bordered by Pakistan to the south and east, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan to the north. There is a short border with China to the far northeast, but in extremely inaccessible terrain.


General Information:

Capital: Kabul

Language: Afghan Persian or Dari 80%, Pashto  47%, Uzbek 11%, English 5%, Turkmen 2%, Urdu 2%, Pashayi 1%, Nuristani 1%, Arabic 1%

Percentages total more than 100% as many respondents speak multiple languages. 

Religion: Sunni Muslim ca. 80%, Shi’a Muslim 19%, other 1%

Currency: Afghani (AFN)

Credit cards are not accepted, so carry sufficient cash in US Dollars for your visit. Some ATMs in Kabul dispense dollars as well as Afghanis. Banks are closed on Fridays, but there are ATMs in various locations in Wazir Akbar Khan and elsewhere. ATMs are located at military camps, but unless you have an International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) pass you be unable to enter. Travellers’ cheques are not widely accepted, and it can take a fortnight for them to clear.

GMT: (+) 4.5

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