Country Profile - Yemen
Yemen (Arabic: اَلْـيَـمَـن, al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (Arabic: اَلْـجُـمْـهُـوْرِيَّـة الْـيَـمَـنِـيَّـة, al-Jumhūrīyah al-Yamanīyah), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Yemen is the second-largest country in the peninsula with a coastline stretching for about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 miles). It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea to the south, and Oman to the east-northeast.
Republic of Yemen
Population: 27.5 million
Major language: Arabic
Major religion: Islam
Currency: Yemeni riyal
Although Yemen’s constitutionally stated capital is the city of Sana’a, the city has been under Houthi rebel control since February 2015. Yemen’s territory includes more than 200 islands; the largest of these is Socotra.
Yemen is a developing country, and the poorest country in the Middle East. Under the rule of President Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemen was described by critics as a kleptocracy. According to the 2009 international corruption Perception Index by Transparency International, Yemen ranked 164 out of 182 countries surveyed. In the absence of strong state institutions, elite politics in Yemen constituted a de facto form of collaborative governance, where competing tribal, regional, religious, and political interests agreed to hold themselves in check through tacit acceptance of the balance it produced.
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