Country Profile - Yemen
Yemen, officially known as the Republic of Yemen, is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Yemen is the second-largest country in the peninsula with a coastline stretching for about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 miles). It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea to the south, and Oman to the east-northeast.
Language: Arabic (official)
note: a distinct Socotri language is widely used on Socotra Island and Archipelago; Mahri is still fairly widely spoken in eastern Yemen
Religion: Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha’i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2010 est.)
Currency: Yemeni riyal
Cryptocurrency: Half of the country is controlled by the Iran-backed Houthi militant group, which has developed its own cryptocurrency. People from Yemen are often wary of being associated with cryptocurrency, in part because of the Houthis’ crypto efforts. Despite the potential advantages of a trans-national, censorship-resistant cryptocurrency in the country, connectivity issues make it very hard to get bitcoin into this war zone.
GMT: (+) 3
Yemen, home to what the United Nations calls the world’s biggest humanitarian crisis, is in a state of civil war. Although Yemen’s constitutionally stated capital is the city of Sana’a, the city has been under Houthi rebel control since February 2015. Yemen’s territory includes more than 200 islands; the largest of these is Socotra.
Yemen is a developing country, and the poorest country in the Middle East. Under the rule of President Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemen was described by critics as a kleptocracy.