Afghanistan Country Overview

Afghanistan's diverse population, abundant natural resources, and strategic location make it a significant player in South-Central Asia. While facing challenges in recent years, the country's resilience and determination continue to shape its future.

Afghanistan General Information

Capital: Kabul

Language: Pashto and Dari are the official languages.

Religion: Islam is the predominant religion, with the majority of the population adhering to Sunni Islam, and a smaller portion following Shia Islam.

Currency: Afghan Afghani (AFN).

Cryptocurrency: There is no official cryptocurrency recognized by the Afghan government.

Time Zone GMT: Afghanistan operates on GMT+4:30


About Afghanistan

Located in South-Central Asia, Afghanistan is a landlocked country known as the “Heart of Asia”. The country has faced significant political instability and conflict in recent decades, but it has a rich cultural heritage and abundant natural resources.

The capital and largest city of Afghanistan is Kabul, with an estimated population of 43 million as of 2023. Dari (Persian) and Pashto are the official languages spoken by the majority of the population, while Islam is the predominant religion with Sunni Muslims making up about 80% of the population.

Afghanistan’s geography is mostly mountainous, with the Hindu Kush mountain range running through the country. It shares borders with six other countries including Pakistan, Iran, and China.

The country’s economy is controlled by the central government, which directs production and distribution of goods. Afghanistan has significant natural resources, such as natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, and precious stones.

Afghanistan’s diverse ethnic groups contribute to its rich culture. The Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek and many others have their own traditions and customs that make up the vibrant cultural fabric of the country. Literature, folklore and storytelling are highly valued in Afghan society.

In recent decades, Afghanistan has faced many challenges due to political instability and conflict. However, the country is taking steps towards rebuilding and establishing peace. As of 2021, the Taliban have regained control of the country and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.

Despite its challenges, Afghanistan remains a fascinating country with a unique culture and history. It continues to strive towards development and growth as it navigates through its complex past towards a more stable future.

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